It was recognized by the Romans as an important communication centre between the north and the south, and it then became extremely active during the Renaissance with works such as the cathedral church, known as the Malatesta Temple. It also played a dynamic role in the revolutionary period and was one of the cities most hit by the bombs during the Second World War.
The city is moreover characterized by a rich artistic and architectural heritage, boasting numerous works of art from several different periods. Such wealth makes the historic centre an area of prized and charming architectural complexity.
From an economic point of view, it is considered to be one of the most important conference and trade fair centres in Italy and in Europe.
Among its most well-known monuments meriting a visit is the Malatesta Temple, inside which is the Sepulchre of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta and the crucifix by Giotto.